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Michael Kors wallet (Score: 1)
by coach008 on Fri Dec 19, 2014 5:56 am
1A New Baby

The Apple II took the company from Jobs��s garage to the pinnacle of a new industry. Its sales rose dramatically, from 2,500 units in 1977 to 210,000 in 1981. But Jobs was restless. The Apple II oakley outlet on sale could not remain successful forever, and he knew that, no matter how much he had done to package it, from power cord to case, it would always new balance factory store be seen as Wozniak��s masterpiece. He needed his own machine. More than that, he wanted a product that would, in his words, make a dent in the Louis vuitton outlet universe.

At first he hoped that the Apple III would play that role. It would have more memory, the screen would display eighty characters across rather than forty, Louis Vuitton Purses and it would handle uppercase and lowercase letters. Indulging his passion for industrial design, Jobs decreed the size and shape of the external case, and he refused discount oakley sunglasses to let anyone alter it, even as committees of engineers added more components to the circuit boards. The result was piggybacked boards with poor connectors that frequently oakley outlet sunglasses failed. When the Apple III began shipping in May 1980, it flopped. Randy Wigginton, one of the engineers, summed it up: ��The Apple III was kind of http://www.michaelkorsoutletonlinestoresale.us.com like a baby conceived during a group orgy, and later everybody had this bad headache, and there��s this bastard child, and everyone says, ��It��s not mine.����

By then Louis Vuitton purses Jobs had distanced himself from the Apple III and was thrashing about for ways to produce something more radically different. At first he flirted with the idea Louis Vuitton Outlet Online of touchscreens, but he found himself frustrated. At one demonstration of the technology, he arrived late, fidgeted awhile, then abruptly cut off the engineers in the middle Louis Vuitton bags of their presentation with a brusque ��Thank you.�� They were confused. ��Would you like us to leave?�� one asked. Jobs said yes, then berated his colleagues for cheap oakley sunglasses wasting his time.

Then he and Apple hired two engineers from Hewlett-Packard to conceive a totally new computer. The name Jobs chose for it would have caused even gucci outlet 2014 the most jaded psychiatrist to do a double take: the Lisa. Other computers had been named after daughters of their designers, but Lisa was a daughter Jobs LV Bags had abandoned and had not yet fully admitted was his. ��Maybe he was doing it out of guilt,�� said Andrea Cunningham, who worked at Regis McKenna on louis vuitton bags public relations for the project. ��We had to come up with an acronym so that we could claim it was not named after Lisa the child.�� The oakley outlet discount one they reverse-engineered was ��local integrated systems architecture,�� and despite being meaningless it became the official explanation for the name. Among the engineers it was referred to louis vuitton wallets as ��Lisa: invented stupid acronym.�� Years later, when I asked about the name, Jobs admitted simply, ��Obviously it was named for my daughter.��

The Lisa was conceived as oakley store a $2,000 machine based on a sixteen-bit microprocessor, rather than the eight-bit one used in the Apple II. Without the wizardry of Wozniak, who was still working Louis Vuitton outlet quietly on the Apple II, the engineers began producing a straightforward computer with a conventional text display, unable to push the powerful microprocessor to do much exciting Louis Vuitton Bags 2015 stuff. Jobs began to grow impatient with how boring it was turning out to be.

There was, however, one programmer who was infusing the project with some life: oakley sunglasses wholesale Bill Atkinson. He was a doctoral student in neuroscience who had experimented with his fair share of acid. When he was asked to come work for Apple, prada online outlet he declined. But then Apple sent him a nonrefundable plane ticket, and he decided to use it and let Jobs try to persuade him. ��We are inventing michael kors handbags the future,�� Jobs told him at the end of a three-hour pitch. ��Think about surfing on the front edge of a wave. It��s really exhilarating. Now think Louis Vuitton Outlet online about dog-paddling at the tail end of that wave. It wouldn��t be anywhere near as much fun. Come down here and make a dent in the universe.�� Louis Vuitton Atkinson did.

With his shaggy hair and droopy moustache that did not hide the animation in his face, Atkinson had some of Woz��s ingenuity along with Jobs��s passion Cheap Louis Vuitton Bags for awesome products. His first job was to develop a program to track a stock portfolio by auto-dialing the Dow Jones service, getting quotes, then hanging up. Louis Vuitton Outlet Stores ��I had to create it fast because there was a magazine ad for the Apple II showing a hubby at the kitchen table looking at an Apple Louis Vuitton Outlet Handbags screen filled with graphs of stock prices, and his wife is beaming at him��but there wasn��t such a program, so I had to create one.�� Next he wholesale michael kors created for the Apple II a version of Pascal, a high-level programming language. Jobs had resisted, thinking that BASIC was all the Apple II needed, but he chanel bags told Atkinson, ��Since you��re so passionate about it, I��ll give you six days to prove me wrong.�� He did, and Jobs respected him ever after.

By the fall Louis Vuitton of 1979 Apple was breeding three ponies to be potential successors to the Apple II workhorse. There was the ill-fated Apple III. There was the Lisa project, Louis Vuitton wallets which was beginning to disappoint Jobs. And somewhere off Jobs��s radar screen, at least for the moment, there was a small skunkworks project for a low-cost machine Michael Kors handbags on sale that was being developed by a colorful employee named Jef Raskin, a former professor who had taught Bill Atkinson. Raskin��s goal was to make an inexpensive ��computer http://www.cheaplvbags-top.net for the masses�� that would be like an appliance��a self-contained unit with computer, keyboard, monitor, and software all together��and have a graphical interface. He tried to turn michael kors his colleagues at Apple on to a cutting-edge research center, right in Palo Alto, that was pioneering such ideas.

Xerox PARC

The Xerox Corporation��s Palo Alto Research Center, known prada outlet online as Xerox PARC, had been established in 1970 to create a spawning ground for digital ideas. It was safely located, for better and for worse, three thousand new balance outlet online miles from the commercial pressures of Xerox corporate headquarters in Connecticut. Among its visionaries was the scientist Alan Kay, who had two great maxims that Jobs embraced: Louis Vuitton Sunglasses ��The best way to predict the future is to invent it�� and ��People who are serious about software should make their own hardware.�� Kay pushed the vision new Louis Vuitton of a small personal computer, dubbed the ��Dynabook,�� that would be easy enough for children to use. So Xerox PARC��s engineers began to develop user-friendly graphics that Michael Kors Purses could replace all of the command lines and DOS prompts that made computer screens intimidating. The metaphor they came up with was that of a desktop. The michael kors bags screen could have many documents and folders on it, and you could use a mouse to point and click on the one you wanted to use.

This graphical http://www.louisvuittonoutletsyear.com user interface��or GUI, pronounced ��gooey����was facilitated by another concept pioneered at Xerox PARC: bitmapping. Until then, most computers were character-based. You would type a character on a http://www.louisvuitton-bags-2015.com keyboard, and the computer would generate that character on the screen, usually in glowing greenish phosphor against a dark background. Since there were a limited number of michael kors outlet online store sale us letters, numerals, and symbols, it didn��t take a whole lot of computer code or processing power to accomplish this. In a bitmap system, on the other hand, http://www.michaelkorsoutlet-mk.us.com each and every pixel on the screen is controlled by bits in the computer��s memory. To render something on the screen, such as a letter, the computer louis vuitton store 2015 has to tell each pixel to be light or dark or, in the case of color displays, what color to be. This uses a lot of computing ## power, but it permits gorgeous graphics, fonts, and gee-whiz screen displays.

Bitmapping and graphical interfaces became features of Xerox PARC��s prototype computers, such as the Alto, and its Louis Vuitton Sale object-oriented programming language, Smalltalk. Jef Raskin decided that these features were the future of computing. So he began urging Jobs and other Apple colleagues to go check cheap louis vuitton bags out Xerox PARC.

Raskin had one problem: Jobs regarded him as an insufferable theorist or, to use Jobs��s own more precise terminology, ��a shithead who sucks.�� So Raskin LV Purses enlisted his friend Atkinson, who fell on the other side of Jobs��s shithead/genius division of the world, to convince Jobs to take an interest in what was Michael Kors sandals happening at Xerox PARC. What Raskin didn��t know was that Jobs was working on a more complex deal. Xerox��s venture capital division wanted to be part of Michael Kors Outlet Handbags the second round of Apple financing during the summer of 1979. Jobs made an offer: ��I will let you invest a million dollars in Apple if you chanel outlet online will open the kimono at PARC.�� Xerox accepted. It agreed to show Apple its new technology and in return got to buy 100,000 shares at about $10 gucci outlet online each.

By the time Apple went public a year later, Xerox��s $1 million worth of shares were worth $17.6 million. But Apple got the better end of the cheap louis vuitton bargain. Jobs and his colleagues went to see Xerox PARC��s technology in December 1979 and, when Jobs realized he hadn��t been shown enough, got an even fuller Michael Kors outlet store demonstration a few days later. Larry Tesler was one of the Xerox scientists called upon to do the briefings, and he was thrilled to show off the chanel outlet work that his bosses back east had never seemed to appreciate. But the other briefer, Adele Goldberg, was appalled that her company seemed willing to give away Louis Vuitton outlet online its crown jewels. ��It was incredibly stupid, completely nuts, and I fought to prevent giving Jobs much of anything,�� she recalled.

Goldberg got her way at the first oakley outlet online briefing. Jobs, Raskin, and the Lisa team leader John Couch were ushered into the main lobby, where a Xerox Alto had been set up. ��It was a michael kors outlet online sale very controlled show of a few applications, primarily a word-processing one,�� Goldberg said. Jobs wasn��t satisfied, and he called Xerox headquarters demanding more.

So he was invited back louis vuitton luggage a few days later, and this time he brought a larger team that included Bill Atkinson and Bruce Horn, an Apple programmer who had worked at Xerox Michael Kors satchel bag PARC. They both knew what to look LV handbags for. ��When I arrived at work, there was a lot of commotion, and I was told that Jobs and a bunch of his programmers were in the conference room,�� said Goldberg. One of her engineers was trying to keep them entertained with more displays of the word-processing program. new balance factory outlet But Jobs was growing impatient. ��Let��s stop this bullshit!�� he kept shouting. So the Xerox folks huddled privately and decided to open the kimono a bit more, Louis Vuitton Handbags but only slowly. They agreed that Tesler could show off Smalltalk, the programming language, but he would demonstrate only what was known as the ��unclassified�� version. ��It oakley store will dazzle [Jobs] and he��ll never know he didn��t get the confidential disclosure,�� the head of the team told Goldberg.

They were wrong. Atkinson and others had read Michael Kors handbags some of the papers published by Xerox PARC, so they knew they were not getting a full description. Jobs phoned the head of the Xerox venture capital http://www.louisvuittonoutlet-2015.com division to complain; a call immediately came back from corporate headquarters in Connecticut decreeing that Jobs and his group should be shown everything. Goldberg stormed out in louis vuitton handbags a rage.

When Tesler finally showed them what was truly under the hood, the Apple folks were astonished. Atkinson stared at the screen, examining each pixel so closely gucci bags that Tesler could feel the breath on his neck. Jobs bounced around and waved his arms excitedly. ��He was hopping around so much I don��t know how http://www.cheaplouisvuittonbagso.com he actually saw most of the demo, but he did, because he kept asking questions,�� Tesler recalled. ��He was the exclamation point for every step I showed.�� http://www.louisvuitton--outletstore.net Jobs kept saying that he couldn��t believe that Xerox had not commercialized the technology. ��You��re sitting on a gold mine,�� he shouted. ��I can��t believe Xerox is Michael Kors outlet not taking advantage of this.��

The Smalltalk demonstration showed three amazing features. One was how computers could be networked; the second was how object-oriented programming worked. But Jobs michael kors and his team paid little attention to these attributes because they were so amazed by the third feature, the graphical interface that was made possible by a louis vuitton outlet 2015 bitmapped screen. ��It was like a veil being lifted from my eyes,�� Jobs recalled. ��I could see what the future of computing was destined to be.��

When the http://www.louisvuittonstore2015.com Xerox PARC meeting ended after more than two hours, Jobs drove Bill Atkinson back to the Apple office in Cupertino. He was speeding, and so were his Michael Kors bags mind and mouth. ��This is it!�� he shouted, emphasizing each word. ��We��ve got to do it!�� It was the breakthrough he had been looking for: bringing computers prada outlet to the people, with the cheerful but affordable design of an Eichler home and the ease of use of a sleek kitchen appliance.

��How long would this take louis vuitton bags to implement?�� he asked.
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